The MLA 8th ed. is much simplified, so the emphasis is on a few principles that can be applied to any source.
The handbook is organized according to the process of documentation, rather than by the sources themselves. Once familiar with the method, you can use it to document any type of source.
Here is an overview of the process:
Start with the core elements. These are the general pieces of information that MLA suggests including in each work Cited entry. In your citation, the elements should be listed in the following order, followed by the punctuation is shown:

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2.Title of source.

3.Title of container,

4.Other contributors,




8.Publication date,


Here is a sample paper:


Barrett, Paul. 

Law of the Jungle: The $19 Billion Legal Battle Over Oil in the Rain Forest and the Lawyer Who’d Stop at Nothing to Win. Random House, 2104.

Provide a summary of each chapter, including the main points of the chapter, how the chapter furthers the central theme of the book, elements that you found particularly important or intriguing, and aspect that you disagreed with (if any).

Organize the review in a way that makes most sense to you, although it makes sense to start with the central point of the book and your overall impression.  Then get into specifics.

You’re welcome to discuss the books through the student forum.  I’ll be impressed if you help another student understand aspects of a shared reading.

Answer the following questions:

What is the conclusion or central point of the book?

Did the author back up his or her conclusion to make it plausible? Do you agree with the conclusion?

Did the author demonstrate a bias?  If so, do you think the bias is warranted?

Has the book’s conclusion raised other issues for you?  Explain.

Notice that these are not simple yes or no questions and even the summary requires analytical explanation.  You should be relating the book reviews to facts and ideas that you’ve learned from lectures, Foner, and Zinn.


MLA Citation Style

12 Point, New Times Roman Font

Five Page Minimum

Cover Page (Do not repeat cover page information on the first page of the review).

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Surname of Student



Analyzing the Book Law of the Jungle


The businesses set operations with a view of making a profit. In their attempts to make profits, some companies may produce externalities which may harm the environment. Pollution from the industries has adverse effects on the environment and the health of people. The book “Law of the Jungle” by Burret (2014) is centered on how some businesses neglect their duties of social responsibility. This book offers cases where companies produced pollution which is harmful to the environment and people. The sustainability of the environment can be achieved through avoidance pollution and other harmful effects. This paper will examine the book “Law of the Jungle” by Burret (2014) to understand the role of law in promoting dispute resolution between the businesses and communities.

Summary of the Book

Pollution ruins the relationship between businesses and people. The pollution which the American oil company had on the local people ruined their relationship. A company should be socially responsible by ensuring that the welfare of the local people is taken care of. In this case, the American oil company failed to look into the affairs of people as it polluted the environment. The strained relationships may affect the progress of the organization going forward. The constrained relationship between businesses and the local community necessitates the need to seek a legal solution. For instance, when Texaco surrendered the ownership of its Oriente operations to an oil company owned by the state of Ecuador, Donziger invited journalists in New York to tell the world the exploitation that rainforest Indians launch a high lawsuit against Texaco on the allegations that the oil company ruined the rivers of the rainforest Indians. Donziger was a smart lawyer both intellectually and creativity-wise. He handled the case regarding the Ecuador oil pollution which had enabled him to grow into what turned to be a human rights issue. The lawyer aimed at convincing an Ecuadorian judge to prevent the attempt of Chevron to assess a laboratory Donziger’s team was applying to assess pollution evidence. The allegation by the company was that the lab was crooked and incompetent.     

Lawyers help settle disputes between businesses and the members of the community on the issues related to social responsibility. The struggles between the people in the oil field land and Chevron, the oil company brought about a messy situation. The problem experienced in this case was cancer. It is estimated that at least 51% possibility of the cancer was as a result of the people being exposed to the petroleum contaminations. This aspect constitutes environmental pollution. For instance, Steven Donziger, a lawyer, with his team of advocates represented the people who had been affected by the pollution from the company. In this case, the lawyers representing Indians from the rainforest successfully fought this legal battle to the end. As the lawyers represent their clients in legal matters, they risk their personal life. For instance, Donziger was being followed by some suspicious people as he walked the streets of New York. His movements were being monitored as he walked into the office and claimed that his company was a bit small to distract and intimidate him. He didn’t fear surveillance regarding the cars which would fall him as he walked the streets of New York. Donziger had been sued following the allegations that he had ginned up fraudulent evidence which would form part of a conspiracy to the company. For this reason, the company intensified surveillance over this lawyer regarding this case (Barrett 31). The aim was to ensure that the company wins the case and that this lawyer would be found guilty.  Donziger was representing rainforest clients. The lawyer wanted to care genuinely for the powerless individuals in the society concerning the protection of their rights and privileges. For instance, the lawyer represented the issues affecting the marginalized ethnic groups such as Cofan along the Aguarico River.

Central Point of the Book

The book “Law of the Jungle” by Burret (2014) is about a decades-long environmental case existing between the citizens of Ecuador and the oil firm called Chevron which triggers from legal drama turning to bizarre farce. The two decades of Ecuador of production of oil in the region called the Oriente brought about environmental pollution for which they were sued by lawyer Steven Donziger. In the decision, Judge Kaplan restricted implementation of Ecuadorian judgment. Chevron lost in this case. The initial amount of damages was set at $19 million. The company would apologize to the public or this amount to increase to more than double. It is, therefore, important that companies act responsibly.

Backing up the Conclusion

The author of this book backed up his conclusion to make it plausible in that he showed how the participation of local community representatives in the case helped address issues such as pollution from the industries. The aim was to ensure that the companies and the local community co-exist mutually without any environmental damage. For instance, in the book, Petroecuador is the company which announced that it would put a $70 million program for cleaning up pollution in Amazon. This program would also cover some areas in Chevron case. This company would help address the social injustices the people face. The government may give this company incentive such as reduced taxations as it is contributing socially to society. However, there was no bias which the author provided.

Issues Raised in the Book

The major issue which the book has raised is the importance of businesses to maintain good relationships with the community without necessarily having to be forced by the law. It is the duty of the businesses to engage the community on how to make the environment a better place for everyone. Issues of pollution can be effectively avoided when this engagement is done continuously. For instance, corruption is a menace which can bring down even a big empire. Chevron appeared to oppose Amazon pollution case when it brought forward a claim which touched way back in two decades. The case looked at the historical environmental issues. There was a kind of revenge mission in seeking justice. In the other case, Texaco Inc maintained the ambitions about the rainforest along Ecuador in the early 1960s. This happened since the abandonment of this place by the competitor oil companies. In this particular case, the Texas Company flourished on expanding the demand for gasoline to strengthen a new phenomenon known as the automobile. There was a sense of displeasure by some people regarding this issue as the financiers shifted management tasks to New York. The Texas Company is the one which eventually changed its name to Texaco Inc in the 1950s to become an iconic creature of New York. Texaco never cared that other firms had given up on Ecuador and as such, it continued to soldier on to exploit the crude oil in this region.


The book concluded that social justice is a process which requires the involvement of all the parties concerned. For instance, the local community, businesses, and the government need to participate in finding the lasting solution of the social justice issues. The conclusion of the book is centered on the need to follow legal means to seek justice. The emphasis is for the participants of the social justice to engage each other for their mutual co-existence. The businesses should work together with members of the local community in areas such as environmental sustainability. When businesses fail to act in a responsible way regarding areas of environmental sustainability, the members of the community should seek legal intervention. The rule of law helps restore sanity in how the businesses conduct their operations. The legal matters may risk the lives of lawyers as they represent their clients. For instance, Donziger’s movements were tracked as he walks the streets of New York since he was handling a sensitive legal matter. He was determined to pursue this legal case to ensure that his clients received justice. He was representing clients from the community who were complaining about the pollution that the oil company had on their environment. It is the right of every citizen to fight for their rights and privileges. Every person has the right to good environmental conditions free of pollution and nuisance. As such, the businesses ought to be responsible for the sustainability of the environment by avoiding pollution.

Work Cited

Barrett, Paul M. Law of the Jungle: The $19 Billion Legal Battle Over Oil in the Rain Forest and   the Lawyer Who’d Stop at Nothing to Win. Broadway Books, 2014.