Write a 1,400- to 2,100-word paper in which you assess criminal justice from a global perspective. In your paper be sure to analyze the following:
Assess the impact of globalization on the U.S. criminal justice system.
Compare and contrast international criminal justice systems (Civil Law, Common law, and Islamic Law and Socialist Law traditions).
Discuss the impact that cyber crime and technology have had on worldwide justice systems.
Differentiate the policing systems on a worldwide scale.
Identify major crimes and criminal issues that have a global impact on justice systems and processes (e.g., Somalia, Rwanda, Bosnia, Darfur, Congo, etc.).
Include at least four peer reviewed references.
Format your paper according to APA guidelines.
The forms of committing crime and offences have shifted with time, thus necessitating professionals in the criminal justice system to move with speed as well. They ought to address crime before it escalates to uncontrollable levels. Since the world is experiencing globalization, the methods of doing business, communicating, learning and hauling of goods have changed. The same changes are seen in the development of global crime. This editorial will analyze the impact of globalization on the United States of America criminal justice system. It will compare and contrast the international criminal justice systems in relation to common law, civil law and socialist law traditions. Thirdly, the paper will discourse the effects that cybercrime and technology on the global justice systems. Fourthly, it will discern policing systems on a worldwide scale. Lastly, the paper will pinpoint major crimes and criminal issues that have a global impact on justice systems processes.
Impact of Globalization on the U.S. Criminal Justice System
The United States criminal justice system has not been left out by the shakeup caused by globalization. As a result, the United States criminal justice has been moved to respond and acclimatize with the global factors of crime, the role of technology in crime, organized crime and the impacts of legal and illegal immigration. Cases of organized crime in the United States are reducing pave the way for a global organized crime which affects the federal states as well as other countries. The criminal justice system has been forced to make policies and formulate mechanisms to address crimes such as trafficking. Human trafficking and drug trafficking are directly connected to globalization.
The United States of America criminal justice is constrained by ever-increasing levels of immigration which has increased crime rates. With globalization, people believe that they can migrate at their own free will. Other than posing security threats, the criminal justice system is overwhelmed with the number of people to deal with. Again, the United States has been forced to incarcerate immigrants (Bosworth, Franko, & Pickering, 2018). Others are deported people back to their countries, especially when there are no international laws which support trialing and jailing of immigrants on foreign land. Illegal immigration, therefore, overwhelms the law enforcement agencies, courts and correctional centres.
Compare and Contrast International Criminal Justice Systems
Most of the countries around the world have civil laws. The rules of Roman law are the basis of civil law. These laws stress on individual freedom and fostering cooperation between people. Legislative actions or process dictate the actualization civil law. Both civil and common laws are used by nations to reform their legal systems. Both civil law and common laws came about almost at the same time. Imperialist developed and used common and civil laws to control their colonies. The United States of America have a preference for the British common law for its evolving statutes and continuous update of code. Civil laws are a bit static because they lack code (Asasriwarnia& Jandra, 2018).
Islamic law is developed from Koran and teaching of Prophet Muhammad. Islamic/sharia law is central to avoid tribal influence which can affect aspects such as hospitality, marriage, punishment and revenge. Adherents of sharia law believe that they obey gods will (Asasriwarnia& Jandra, 2018). Jewish, Greek, Roman, Persian and Christianity element have a trivial influence on sharia law. Communist countries employ socialist law traditions. The Marxist-Leninist ideology has a significant influence on the Socialist law traditions. Socialist laws do not promote private ownership of property. Everything is owned and controlled by the state. Most of the Asian countries have refined social laws traditions to their liking.
Impact of Cyber-Crime and Technology on Worldwide Criminal Justice Systems
Innovation and technology have both positive and negative impact on the global criminal justice systems. Technology has helped criminals come up with new mechanisms of committing crimes. Cybercrime committed via the internet and social networking sites has infringed criminal justice systems around the globe (Sheer et al., 2018). Habitually, the criminal justice system has been playing catch up because criminal are more acquainted to technology, thus able to manipulate the criminal justice system. Countries that have not assimilated technology lag in giving timely and fair hearings. However, agile countries have employed technology to increase efficiency and efficiency in the criminal justice systems. Technology has improved investigation, communication, and prosecution of cases related to cyberbullying. However, intelligence agencies such as the FBI have built the Automated Fingerprinting Information System to track and examine crimes. The system also keeps criminal records for future reference.
Policing Systems on a Worldwide Scale
Policing systems around the globe are somewhat simulative and different. The main objective of policing systems to safeguard the public and protect their property. The United States policing system is not centralized simply because it is a federal state. The existence of multiple levels of government and various law enforcement agencies complicates the policing system (Council on Foreign Relations (.n.d.). Canada police system controls all provinces within the country except Ontario and Quebec. Sweden policing system consists of various agencies, but all are under a centralized entity, the national police commissioner heads the police service.
Policing systems are structured differently to suit the need and concerns based on the area of jurisdiction. For example, the United States prohibits detainment of suspects without enough evidence (Council on Foreign Relations (.n.d.).in other countries, persons are arrested and detained on suspicion. Some countries interlink most of their policing agencies when addressing complex crimes. In the United States; agencies are allowed to liaise with each other for better outcomes.
Major Crimes and Criminal Issues That have a Global Impact on Justice Systems and Processes
Terrorism and human trafficking are major crimes that affect global criminal justice systems. Terrorism and radicalization pose the greatest threat to international security (Deflem & Chicoine, 2018). It is hard to examine the tread and motives of terrorists because they strike when least expected. Human trafficking is a threat to justice systems and processes because some countries support child labour and oppression of foreigners. Somalia is considered the hotbed of terrorism in eastern Africa. As a result, the western countries were pushed to cooperate with the African Union to end terrorism. The United States criminal and justice system communicates with multiple nations to boost security on a global scale.
Despite the negative impacts that come with globalization, most of the criminal justice systems are more robust and ready to address security concerns. Globalization has increased surveillance, communication, partnerships to reduce security threats around the globe. Even though criminals are using technology to commit felonies on a worldwide scale, criminal justice systems are using advanced technologies to investigate and track crime. The high instances of cyberbullying can be minimized if the international community uses technology to track criminals.
Asasriwarnia, A., & Jandra, M. (2018). Comparison of Legal System: Islamic Law System, Civil Law, and Common Law. UMRAN-International Journal of Islamic and Civilizational Studies, 5(2-1).https://www.researchgate.net/deref/http%3A%2F%2Fdx.doi.org%2F10.11113%2Fumran2018.5n2-1.304
Bosworth, M., Franko, K., & Pickering, S. (2018). Punishment, globalization and migration control: ‘Get them the hell out of here’. Punishment & Society, 20(1), 34-53. https://doi.org/10.1177%2F1462474517738984
Council on Foreign Relations (.n.d.). How Police Compare in Different Democracies. Retrieved 15 November 2020, from https://www.cfr.org/backgrounder/how-police-compare-different-democracies
Deflem, M., & Chicoine, S. (2018). Policing terrorism. The Handbook of Social Control, 235-248. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119372394.ch17
Sheer, A., Shouping, L., Sidra, F., & Sharif, A. (2018). Cyber-Crime: Peril, Global Issue and Legal Counterclaim. Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, 1-11. https://doi.org/10.9734/ARJASS/2018/39243