Essay 1: Criticizing Arguments

Dr. Charles K. Fink

For the first essay assignment, read Section 6 of Study Guide 3. At the end of the section, there are twenty-six arguments (104-130) on a variety of moral issues. Choose an argument that advances a conclusion you disagree with and explain what you think is wrong with the argument. First, identify the argument (by number), then briefly explain what the argument is about, and then state your objection.  

The purpose of this assignment is to see that you know how to raise a relevant objection to an argument. This is an essential critical thinking skill. As you learn from the study guide, a relevant objection to an argument is not that the conclusion is false. In writing your essay, then, you should not focus on the conclusion of the argument. If the conclusion is false, there must be something wrong with the argument leading to that conclusion: either it has a false premise, or the reasoning is flawed, or both. So, a relevant objection to an argument targets one of the premises or the reasoning, not the conclusion.

To receive full credit for this assignment, please follow the instructions below.

  1. Your essay should be no less than 200 words and no more than 300 words. This is a short essay, so be concise and to the point.
  2. Directly address the essay question, as explained above.
  3. Demonstrate that you can write at a college level. This is not a text message. You should write in standard English, using correct spelling, grammar, punctuation, sentence structure, and paragraph construction.   
  4. Submit your essay no later than 11:59 PM Friday, May 21. To submit your essay, click on “Essays” in the Blackboard menu. Then click on “Essay 1” and upload your essay into the system. It is important that your submission is a Word document. Otherwise, I may not be able to read it.

If you follow these instructions, you will receive 10 points for your essay; otherwise, points may be subtracted.


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All races and ethnicities are equal. All talents and abilities are equally distributed across the different races and ethnicities, and so there is no important sense in which one race or ethnicity is “superior” to any other. Therefore, even if the white race were to disappear, this would not be a bad thing. Humanity would not be losing anything of unique or distinctive value.

              Even though the perceived inferior races yearn for racial equality, it is not certain that every race is entitled to the available resources.  Without dwelling on assumptions, the racial hierarchy will continue to linger because of ethnic beliefs and dominance from certain races. Since there are unique divisions in the types of life that each race lives, it is illogical to accept that it would not be bad if the white race were to disappear. Diversity is important. The white or Caucasian heritage is still essential. The whites should live for infinity so that everyone can learn the culture, beliefs, politics, and historic clues. Also, Caucasians have to stay to know what it means to be part of the whiteness community.

            Albeit, in the cases of racism, humanity needs the whites to redefine the meaning of race. Also, the world will lose a lot of the white race becomes extinct since it is part of the positive construct. Different color complexion shows the whites where they belong. Humanity needs the white so that other races can see the importance of appreciating and valuing the white culture. Also, the whites are needed so that other races can continue challenging the superiority privileges that they enjoy. Since the whites have been accused of being self-centered and enjoy most benefits for a long time, they should stay so that they can change the misconception that all people believe. The world needs Caucasians to share their thoughts, insights, feelings, and reflections. Since we live in an inherited system that oppresses people of color and exalts white people, it is not the fault of the Caucasians that racism is a concern. How other races will respond to racism is what will evidence the value of each race.