Research and select a recent man-made (technological), a natural, or a terror incident response scenario and write a clear and descriptive narrative that:

Provides an overview of the event and which summarizes how the Incident Command System (ICS) process was used. This means that you will need to choose your event based on those events where you can find information about how ICS was used in the event… In doing so and based on your research, clearly also indicate:

The history and inception of ICS; and

The ICS component organizational structure – to offer clarity on each of its five elements.

To be clear… the important part of the overview is about ICS, this should be the majority of your overview. A full page detailing background details of what happened in the incident, and then two sentences about ICS is clearly not going to be leading to a high grade…

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Further discuss the extent to which the U.S. is prepared for dealing with catastrophic events such as acts of bio-terror and / or infectious pandemic outbreaks (Choose one type of catastrophic event) and discuss how ICS would be used to coordinate the response efforts, and maximize the efficiency of the response operations that are undertaken. Do not just simply restate the general benefits of ICS; use this as an opportunity to think specifically about a type of event that you discussed above and apply ICS to that. In other words, “tailor” the use of ICS to the type of event you chose above… You are free to postulate the means / methods by which you believe such natural events occur, or how manmade  attacks could be carried out and how ICS might assist in mitigating both response needs and public consequences.  

You may find the following material helpful in informing your assignment: “Bioterror: Anthrax, Influenza, and the Future of Public Health Security” by R. W. Johnstone (https://psi-praeger-com.ezproxy1.apus.edu/Topics/Display/2004671?subid=25&entryId=2004671)

Research and investigation beyond those materials indicated in the course-ware will be required.

Your assignment must be properly formatted and cited using the most recent edition of the APA manual.

Your assignment should fall in the range of 2 (full) -5 (full) pages of substantive text, not counting separate cover page and reference page material. Your writing can be longer, but it cannot be under the minimum indicated page-count for credit.

Do not simply list questions and respond – your work is intended to be a complete, integrative narrative that embodies an introduction, a body within which you respond to the targeted questions, and a summary and conclusion

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Emergency Management: Consequence Management

Hurricane Zeta 

Emergency Management: Consequence Management

Overview of the Event

            Hurricane Zeta was a catastrophic hurricane that hit Louisiana in 2020. It was a tropical cyclone that featured snow. October 19th 2020, Zeta was created from an area of low pressure in the Caribbean Sea. Zeta became a tropical storm in October 25th and become a full hurricane in the next day. Immediately it started to move northwest land (National Weather Service .n.d.). It fast affected Yucatan peninsula and became a tropical storm while moving inland. Dry air made it weak but reorganized again to become category two hurricane. Fast forward it moved northeastward with wind intensity of 110 mph and 970 bar minimum pressure. It formed a landfall in Louisiana in 29th and spread to central Virginia. Zeta triggered landslides and floods. Most of Louisiana, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, and Oklahoma were left without power. As a result, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama declared a state of emergencies due to intense tropical cyclones. Heavy rains and storms caused approximately 4 billion damages with the United States being majorly affected.  

Application of the Incident Command System

           During the hurricane zeta, the incident command system was effectively used. A cooperative response from multiple agencies stepped up to organize and coordinate the emergency. The federal emergency management agency projected that Zeta would surpass other hurricanes. The rain would cause severe floods that would leave many people homeless (Disasterassistance.gov. 2020). Non-governmental agencies were included to offer psychological therapy and counselling to zeta victim. A disaster distress helpline was created to offers emotional support. State and local agencies in unison created evacuation orders. They had to find other shelter locations for zeta victims. FEMA’s National Flood Insurance Program would compensate policy a victim with money so that they could buy essentials during the disaster (FEMA. 2020). An incident management assistance team was deployed in areas affected by Zeta to offer emergency services. FEMA offered to provide generators, water and meal to victims. The federal government amended the Major Disaster Declaration for Louisiana approving emergency declaration and federal assistance for victims affected by hurricane zeta (FEMA. 2020). Other departments such as the Department of Health and Human Services, Department of Transportation, DHS Cybersecurity, The police, Department of Energy and Infrastructure Agency were included in the Incident Command System to offer relative assistance. Urban Search, Rescue teams and Mobile Emergency Operators were involved in offering evacuation services.

How the United States Is Prepared To Deal with Future Hurricanes

           The United States is not entirely prepared for disasters, but the government has initiated policy changes that touch on emergency management decision and weather services. America hurricane warning and response system has been improved in case a disaster happens. The system would prevent massive property destruction, deaths, and disruptions. Today the United States would recover quickly from a catastrophe than it would in previous decades. The government is keen on weather prediction and evacuation for hurricane preparedness. Evacuation zones and route have been planned before the worse happens (Madajewicz, 2020). Local governments’ have identified nearest and safe shelters well ahead of time. America citizens are urged to stock/gather nonperishable emergency supplies at all times. These supplies include lamps, fuel, prescription drugs, water, Emergency power sources, food, first aid supplies, and fire extinguisher.

           The United States has enhanced forecasts of hurricane track and intensity to prevent adverse effects. Refuge of last resort solutions has been identified in case hurricanes happen. Evacuation clearance times have been reduced. There is increased investment in science and technology to detect hurricanes and their intensities before they happen. Current engineering works and building have been constructed to withstand strong currents of hurricanes (Madajewicz, 2020). Locals have been trained about land use and safety measures so that they can be prepared for hurricanes.

               Increased communication and media coverage has improved awareness and population responses. Better communication would offer guidance and warnings to the public during wobbly times (Madajewicz, 2020).The Federal Emergency Management Agency has intensified its efforts by streamlining hurricane response system. U.S. Weather Research Program (USWRP) has been used to predict and study hurricanes. The congress has debated legislations that will increase funding for hurricane research, compensation, response and mitigation. In case, a hurricane happens, all victims are eligible for security, shelter, food, HealthCare, clothing and education.

References

Disasterassistance.gov. (2020).https://www.disasterassistance.gov/

FEMA. (2020). Update on FEMA Preparations for Hurricane Zeta.

https://www.fema.gov/press-release/20201028/actualizacion-sobre-los-preparativos-de-fema-ante-el-huracan-zeta

Madajewicz, M. (2020). Who is vulnerable and who is resilient to coastal flooding? Lessons from Hurricane Sandy in New York City. Climatic Change, 1-25.

National Weather Service. Overview of Hurricane Zeta https://www.weather.gov/tae/zeta2020