Must discuss the five major components of community health programming and the six steps of evaluation.  Be sure to address the items listed:  Provide detailed background info on the topic, prove minimum of three specific and realistic goals/objectives, provide detailed info on how you will use the five steps of programing to create a community health intervention/program, provide detailed information on how you will use the six steps of evaluation to evaluate your program, and discuss the performance improvement approaches that are most relevant to your program.


Health Promotion Program on Child Obesity

Health Promotion Program on Child Obesity

            Obesity in children and adolescents is a major health concern. None of the human race has been spared by obesity. The world health organization has labeled obesity as a pandemic. Measure employed to combat the problem has yielded minor results. Prevalence of the condition is highest in children aged between five to ten years old. Approximately 20% of children are overweight (World Health Organization, 2020). The rates of obesity are highest in Europe and the United States of America. Approximately 300 million children aged five to nineteen years old are obese. The rate of overweight children aged below five years old is alarming .obesity prevalence is highest in children and young adults over six years old. Hispanic children have the highest rate of obesity, followed by Caucasians, non-Hispanics blacks, on-Hispanic whites, non-Hispanic Asians, and non-Hispanic blacks, respectively (World Health Organization, 2020). Studies are underway to determine the different causes of obesity. However, poor eating habits, inactivity, and lifestyle changes are the main contributors to obesity. These contributors have affected the maintenance of appropriate body weight. Foods with cholesterols and high sugar and salts cause obesity. Consumption of processed foods and irregular eating schedules also lead to obesity.

           Obese children are susceptible to chronic conditions such as hypertension, respiratory conditions, heart attack, diabetes, premature puberty, sleep apnea, amongst others. Overweight toddlers and adolescents face stigmatization, social embarrassment, low self-esteem, and seclusion. If left untreated, the child can grow to become an obese adult. Obesity is detrimental to the economy because colossal amounts of money have been allocated to healthcare facilities and organizations to tackle obesity. Money allocated is used to improve nutrition and carry out health campaigns that urge parents to embrace healthy eating habits and consider the physical activity. The finances have helped a lot, but there is room for enhanced health standards.

           A healthcare organization determined to attain its desired goals should reach out to the Community, explore obesity as a health care problem, and formulate a plan or strategies to address it. The major components in community health programming are appropriate to overcome the problem. They include;

           Engaging the Community: This component is attainable by partnering with other stakeholders such as organizations, welfare groups, schools, communities, and the clergy to support the community health program. An all-encompassing approach ensures the program campaign reaches a wide society. Parties can contribute directly or indirectly. A group or institution can allow children to use its fitness facility. Others can offer service-learning activities for communal use.

           Involving the family:  Households can liaise with learning institutions so that their children maintain healthy wellbeing. Each parent should be given a meal schedule and exercise routine so that their children can follow. Learning institutions should work in unison with parents while implementing the program. For child development, parental guidance is imperative to prevent lifestyle disorders. 

The partnership strategy, which involves many stakeholders, will make the program sustainable. 

           Physical and social environment: This component is geared towards enhancing physical and social amenities such as theatres, health centers, playing grounds, and gymnasiums. These facilities will positively impact the Community’s health (Gómez-del-Río et al., 2020). It blends care with people’s culture. As a result, a conducive environment is formed for people to explore. Improving these facilities is a key aspect of initiating the workable community program. 

           Invention and Innovation (developing interventions): Discoveries of addressing obesity are very important. Every health problem needs an evidence-based practice that produces commendations needed to solve a disease (Gómez-del-Río et al., 2020). Conducting new researches on foods, sugar, salt, and level of fat intake is very important. For continuous innovations meant for obesity, talented, innovative, and experienced personnel should be hired to achieve the desired results.

           Implementing interventions: Herein, an organization promotes healthy dietary behaviors; ensure children do not consume food with high amounts of calories and cholesterol. Stir children to do physical exercise (Gómez-del-Río et al., 2020). Avert consumption of sugary foods reduces the ingestion of energy-dense foods. Ensure children drink enough water and consume fruits and vegetables

The following six steps can be used to evaluate the components of community health programming. The steps include;

           Manage the planning process: The organization should formulate a management plan which embeds all stakeholders, schedules, research methods, resources, and decisions made. All patrons involved will help in guiding the program so that it succeeds. Schedules and timelines will ensure the program lingers within the stipulated time to avoid delays or laxity (Gómez-del-Río et al., 2020). The research process is also timed to collect the desired data and for its interpretation. Community health workers needed fiscal and material resources to execute their roles. A management board should perform the decision-making function.

           Carrying out situational assessments: The reason behind this step is to assess the population’s needs, interests, and behaviors that might affect the initiation of the plan. Indicators of community health status can be used to assess why obesity among children is spiking (Gómez-del-Río et al., 2020). Data can be collected from survey companies, research institutions, and community organizations. The most suitable data collection methods are reviews, interviews, and surveys.

           Finding the population of interest and setting goals and objectives:  children and adolescents are the populations of interest (Gómez-del-Río et al., 2020). The goal and objective in ensuring that parents and the societies know the appropriate types, quantity, and quality of foods needed by children. The other measure is accessing the available physical amenities and exercises and recommending the most appropriate ones. The specific goals and objectives are;

  1. To provide children with an opportunity to engage in physical exercise for good health.
  2. Indoctrinate parents and the Community on the most healthy foods and diets and avoid those cause obesity.
  3. To lobby the Community against discriminating, embarrassing, and stigmatizing those with obesity.
  4. To advocate for the closure of food joints that sell processed foods and junk foods, replace them with joints that cook and sell healthy foods.

           Justifying strategies, activities, and processes used: this step makes good use of the results obtained from the situational assessment. During this process, all activities are undertaken, and the resources used will be evaluated to determine whether the program is feasible (Gómez-del-Río et al., 2020). In case some gaps might hinder achieving the desired outcomes, brainstormed approaches can be applied. It is easy to determine whether the program should be restructured, stopped, and continued during this step.

           Development of indicators: it involves a numerical measure of the quality of the program. They will also determine whether the program is well defined. Key indicators or variables will illustrate the program’s progress in the Community (Gómez-del-Río et al., 2020). The indicators should be well defined and framed. They will determine whether the plan meets economic, social, and environmental goals. The desired outcome is evaluated based on the goals and objectives set. The time taken is also a key indicator.

Program review: The last process aimed to assess how each component contributed to the obesity management plan. It accesses the objectives, traces existing gaps, and ensures availing of adequate resources. The program’s design model contains graphics that illustrate the program’s flow and continuity/progress (Gómez-del-Río et al., 2020). The review provides/communicates a synopsis of the goals to be achieved. The review process is essential to measure whether the strategies and resources employed to guarantee the expected results.

            Conclusively, a performance improvement strategy to address obesity involves ongoing studies, more facilitation, meeting the population needs, driving a change of behavior, and improving processes. Obesity in children should be seen as a menace for our future generation. Even with obesity therapies, preventive measures are the most suitable strategies for preventing obesity.


World Health Organization, 2020. Obesity and Overweight.

Gómez-del-Río, N., González-González, C. S., Toledo-Delgado, P. A., Muñoz-Cruz, V., & García-Peñalvo, F. (2020). Health promotion for childhood obesity: An approach based on self-tracking of data. Sensors20(13), 3778.