(All papers must have INTRODUCTION & CONCLUSION. Use the uploaded Grading Rubric to write the paper)

This first discussion assignment is intended to help each student set a context for the course, establish expectations and goals for the course, and provide insights to the instructor enabling tailoring of the course to better fit the needs of the students. Replies to discussion questions must be well considered and scholarly. A quality initial response to the Discussion Question should be roughly 400 words. (Selected Journal article MUST not be more that 5 years old)

Overview

The spread of communicable diseases has been a driving force in the development of many public health functions. As mankind began to link the spread of disease with the spread of pathogenic microorganisms, the role of public health in communicable disease has grown. Discussions between the monitoring and control of diseases sometimes conflict with individual rights and thus influence the interventions. Scientific evidence may lag behind and not provide clear guidelines, and therefore, the communicable disease can threaten population health. This module will discuss some of the basic concepts regarding the monitoring and control of communicable diseases. Examples of specific diseases and their control strategies will be presented.

Goals Alignment

  • University Mission-Based Outcomes – 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
  • Program Learning Goals – 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
  • Course Learning Objectives – 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7

A picture containing textDescription automatically generatedLearning Materials

  • Curley, A. L. C., & Vitale, P. A. (2016). Population-based nursing: Competencies and concepts for advanced practice (2nd ed.). Springer Publishing.  Read Chapter 8.
  • Friis, R. H. & Sellers, T. A. (2021) Epidemiology for public health practice (6th). Jones & Bartlett. Read Chapter 8.
  • Carbone, K. (2013). Should healthcare workers be required to be vaccinated against influenza? MCN, 38(3), 134-135 (supplemental)
  • Daugherty, J.D., Blake, S.C., Grosholz, J.M., Omer, S.B., Polivka-West, L., & Howard, D.H. (2015) Influenza vaccination rates and beliefs about vaccination among nursing home employees. American Journal of Infection Control43(2), 100-106.
  • Leigh, G., & Sudduth, A. (2011). Vaccinations not just for the young. Nursing for Women’s Health, Z915 (6), 529-534. (supplemental).

Additional Resources:

Discussion Question:

Research what diseases are reportable diseases within the state you reside in. Is the list compatible with CDC recommendations? Are there key diseases missing? If so, what may be the reasons based upon your knowledge of the state.

States have laws and regulations mandating immunizations for infants and young children. What is the public health justification for these laws? What are the justifiable reasons for parental refusal?

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Introduction

                A condition is regarded as a reportable condition if it a threat to public health. This discussion aims to highlight reportable diseases In Connecticut and their compatibility with CDC recommendations. It will also touch on missing communicable diseases. Lastly, it will discuss CT laws that influence immunization and provide justifiable reasons why parents refuse immunization.

              Connecticut Department of Public Health reportable lists human immune virus, tuberculosis, Covid 19, measles, foodborne illness such as Salmonella infection and blood-borne illnesses, such as hepatitis A, B, and C as the most reportable conditions (Connecticut State Department of Public Health, n.d.). HIV is a concern in CT State due to the increasing number of infections. Connecticut residents below 50 years old are susceptible to hepatitis A, B, and C. Connecticut department of public health reportable list is compatible with the centre for diseases and control because all conditions occur due to direct or indirect transmission of pathogens or infectious agent. Many communicable diseases are missing. They include yellow fever, staphylococcal infection vancomycin-intermediate, staphylococcal infection vancomycin-resistant, powassan and Q-fever. The prior mentioned conditions are not notifiable due to decreased participation from providers and patients in the disease reporting systems. Connecticut state legislatures also hinder notification of some condition due to a lack of extensive information on the diseases. As a result, the surveillance system for communicable diseases is compromised.

               Connecticut state law(Department of Public Health Code and Connecticut’s Immunization Information System State Laws 19a-7h) mandates immunization of infants and young children. Children must receive immunization for meningitis, measles, diphtheria, polio, hepatitis B, hepatitis A, Hemophilus influenza B, influenza, tetanus, pertussis, chickenpox and pneumonia (OLR RESEARCH REPORT, n.d.). The Public health justification asserts that every child has the right to be prevented from communicable diseases but they should not be subjected to compulsory immunization (Connecticut State Department of Public Health, n.d.). The public health supports recommended immunizations to prevent resistance. The community should be educated on the method of administration and the benefits of vaccination. Religious reasons, a deception that vaccines are harmful, side effects and vaccine components are the main reason why parent refuse vaccination.

            In summation, Connecticut considers reportable conditions based on CDC compatibility and severity/ level of incidences. Connecticut department of public health carries out vaccination based on the formulated laws. Even though immunization is not forcefully implemented, children have the right to be prevented from diseases. Cultural reasons and perceptions are the underlying reasons why parents oppose immunization.

References

Connecticut State Department of Public Health. Immunization Laws and Regulations. https://portal.ct.gov/DPH/Immunizations/Immunization–Laws-and-Regulations

OLR RESEARCH REPORT. CONNECTICUT’S SCHOOL IMMUNIZATION REQUIREMENTS. https://www.cga.ct.gov/2015/rpt/2015-R-0231.htm

Connecticut State Department of Public Health. (2019). https://portal.ct.gov/-/media/Departments-and-Agencies/DPH/dph/infectious_diseases/pdf_forms_/ReportableDiseases.pdf?la=en