(All papers must have introduction & conclusion. Use the uploaded Grading Rubric to write the paper)

This first discussion assignment is intended to help each student set a context for the course, establish expectations and goals for the course, and provide insights to the instructor enabling tailoring of the course to better fit the needs of the students. Replies to discussion questions must be well considered and scholarly. A quality initial response to the

Discussion Question should be roughly 400 words. (Selected Journal article MUST not be more that 5 years old)

Module 2: Frameworks and Models for School Nursing Practice, Levels of Prevention, Legislature


Module Goals

  1. Students will describe the role of School Health and Healthy People 2020.
  2. Students will discuss levels of prevention.
  3. Students will describe the School Health theory.
  4. Students will identify the legal importance of HIPAA, FERPA, and CAPTA.


This week we will discuss the frameworks and models for School Nursing Practice. We will also identify prevention levels as we look at school nurses’ everyday tasks; many of these fall into one type of prevention. We will also discuss and describe concerns with the legislature, such as laws on HIPAA, FERPA, and CAPTA. We will describe Healthy People 2020 and the various aspects and goals of school health professionals.

Goals Alignment

University Mission-Based Outcomes – 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Program Learning Goals – 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7. 9

Course Learning Objectives – 3, 4, 5, 7, 9, 10, 11

A picture containing text

Description automatically generated Learning Materials

  • Selekman, J., & Shannon, R. A. (2019). School nursing: A comprehensive text (3rd ed.). F.A. Davis Company. Read Chapters 4 & 9
  • Educational and Community-Based Programs | Healthy People 2020. (n.d.). Healthy People
  • Center for Health and Health Care in Schools. (n.d.). Center for Health and Health in Schools.

Discussion Question: roughly 400 words

Discussion Question 1: Choose one of the following prompts:

Discuss Healthy People 2020 and how it relates to school health. Discuss three initiatives that could be implemented in a school health program to meet these objectives.


Journal Club: 

Broussard, L. (2007). Empowerment in school nursing practice: A grounded theory approach. The Journal of School Nursing, 23(6), 322-8. After reading the article, answer the following questions:

  • Discuss the purpose of the article?
  • Synthesize the information and give an overview of the article.
  • Examine and describe the information and list two-three items that would help the School Nurse be aware of in their practice.
  • Discuss how this information contributes to evidence-based practice?
  • #


Healthy People 2020 Discussion

Student’s Name

Department, University

Course Code




            All the leading health indicators are engulfed in Healthy People 2020 goals and objectives. However, Healthy People 2020 seeks to promote health by addressing disability, preventing diseases, and reducing mortalities. The Department of Health and Human Services, through Healthy People 2020, is also determined to initiate healthy behaviors and promote universal health by eliminating inequalities and disparities. The paper aims to present how Healthy People 2020 relates to school health. It furthers discusses three initiatives that can be implemented in the school health program. 

              Healthy People 2020 is connected to school health in adolescent health, early and middle childhood (HealthyPeople.gov, n.d.). Since most adolescents and young adults are still in school, Healthy People 2020 aims to improve health amongst this population. Healthy People 2020 aims to address sexually transmitted infections, substance abuse, unwanted pregnancies, mental disorders that affect students’ education and well-being (HealthyPeople.gov, n.d.). Along with Healthy People 2020, healthy students are motivated to learn and perform well. Early and Middle Childhood is considered in Healthy People 2020 .during this developmental period, young students are susceptible to obesity, developmental disorders, asthma, and child maltreatment (HealthyPeople.gov, n.d.).Healthy People 2020 enhances early and middle childhood development by increasing access to quality care, creating a conducive environment for learning in schools and improve students’ cognitive abilities. 

            The first initiative to include in the school health program is implementing a health education program (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, n.d.). The second initiative is teaching students how to maintain high hygiene levels to prevent contagious diseases (Mbakaya, Lee, & Lee, 2017). The last approach is implementing, monitoring healthy eating, and inspiring students to do physical exercises regularly (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, n.d.). These initiatives will enable Healthy People 2020 to achieve its objectives.

           In culmination, Healthy People 2020 is related to school health. The initiative is related to school in matters of adolescent health, early and middle childhood. These healthy indicators will enable Healthy People 2020 to achieve its objectives. Still, a healthy education system, intensifying hygiene campaigns, and promoting healthy eating and physical exercise would make the school heath program more robust.


HealthyPeople.gov. 2020 Topics and Objectives – Objectives A–Z | Healthy People 2020. Healthypeople.gov. https://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topics-objectives.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Improving School Health. Cdc.gov. https://www.cdc.gov/healthyschools/schoolhealth.htm.

Mbakaya, B. C., Lee, P. H., & Lee, R. L. (2017). Hand hygiene intervention strategies to reduce diarrhoea and respiratory infections among schoolchildren in developing countries: a systematic review. International journal of environmental research and public health14(4), 371. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14040371