Research Critique Guidelines – Part I

Use this document to organize your essay. Successful completion of this assignment requires that you provide a rationale, include examples, and reference content from the studies in your responses.

Qualitative Studies

Background of Study

  1. Summary of studies. Include problem, significance to nursing, purpose, objective, and research question.

ORDER A CUSTOM-WRITTEN, PLAGIARISM-FREE PAPER HERE

How do these two articles support the nurse practice issue you chose?

  1. Discuss how these two articles will be used to answer your PICOT question.
  2. Describe how the interventions and comparison groups in the articles compare to those identified in your PICOT question.

Method of Study:

  1. State the methods of the two articles you are comparing and describe how they are different.
  2. Consider the methods you identified in your chosen articles and state one benefit and one limitation of each method. 

Results of Study

  1. Summarize the key findings of each study in one or two comprehensive paragraphs.
  2. What are the implications of the two studies in nursing practice?

Ethical Considerations

  1. Discuss two ethical consideration in conducting research.
  2. Describe how the researchers in the two articles you choose took these ethical considerations into account while performing their research.

ORDER NURSING COURSE WORKS HERE

Research Critique

Author’s Name

Department, Institution

Course Code

Instructor’s Name

Date of Submission

Introduction

          Childhood obesity is a troubling health concern that affects children and adolescents. Extra pounds in children lead to chronic conditions that can be transitioned to adulthood. The disease includes but is not limited to hypertension and diabetes. Children with overweight are characterized by depression and low self-esteem. Poor eating habits and inactivity are the leading causes of child obesity. Failure to make healthy choices causes overweight in children. Besides behavior, genetics also contribute to genetics. This composition will critique two qualitative studies that touch on child obesity.

Background of the Study

Summary of studies 

  1. Watson, P. M., Dugdill, L., Pickering, K., Hargreaves, J., Staniford, L. J., Owen, S., & Cable, N. T. (2020). Distinguishing factors that influence attendance and behaviour change in family‐based treatment of childhood obesity: A qualitative study. British Journal of Health Psychologyhttps://doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12456

Problem –The article pinpoints discouraged attendance and negative perception about the treatment of childhood obesity. 

Significance to Nursing-It highlights the nursing role in restructuring family-based treatment of childhood obesity. It sets forth promoting healthy eating habits and physical exercise to avoid gaining weight and lose extra weight. 

Purpose- To ascertain attendance and behavior change drivers and their effect on child obesity therapy through the family-based procedure.

Objective– To drive behavior change and intervention attendance for exceptional treatment of childhood obesity at home.

Research question- what are the main facilitators and barriers when changing dietary behaviors and applying physical activity to treat childhood obesity at home?

  • Roebroek, Y. G., Talib, A., Muris, J. W., van Dielen, F. M., Bouvy, N. D., & van Heurn, L. E. (2019). Hurdles to take for adequate treatment of morbidly obese children and adolescents: attitudes of general practitioners towards conservative and surgical treatment of paediatric morbid obesity. World journal of surgery43(4), 1173-1181. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00268-018-4874-5

Problem- There isrestricted knowledge about available therapy options, including bariatric surgery, for treating childhood obesity. Patients and practitioners present different experiences and attitudes about conservative and surgical treatment of childhood obesity.

Significance to Nursing- Evaluate the available methods of treating Paediatric Morbid Obesity and endorse the therapy with the best outcomes.

Purpose- To study the General Nurses’ role and attitude towards weight loss surgery in treating paediatric morbid obesity. 

Objective – To study why patients and nurses have mixed reactions concerning conservative and Surgical Treatment of Paediatric Morbid Obesity.

Research Question – How effective is the surgical treatment of childhood obesity compared to other conservative treatment options?

How the Two Articles Support the Nurse Practice Issue

           Watson’s (2020) article is resourceful in answering the picot question. The article presents the behavioral change and devotion needed to change eating and exercise habits. The authors set forth the reason that drives patients to seek obesity treatment and influences that might hinder an obese child from ceasing from attending to obesity therapy. On the other side, Roebroek (2019) article sets forth theories that analyze the different types of obesity treatments and their effectiveness. The article studies attitude and perspective towards the conservative and surgical treatment of paediatric morbid obesity present the benefits and cons of the various methods of treating obesity in children. Watson’s (2020) article tries to examine how efficient is the treatment of obesity at home, aside from the usual therapies cited in the previous articles. Roebroek (2019) article is comprehensive because it touches on the different therapy methods presented in the articles in the picot question.

Methods of study

           Watson (2020) study applied interviews, whereas Roebroek (2019) study used questionnaires in a survey. The first study is subjective, while Roebroek (2019) is objective because the participants present fact based data; questions in Roebroek (2019) varies, thus giving detailed and extensive data. The focus group in Watson’s studies gives opinions, ideas, feelings, attitudes, experiences, and beliefs concerning the subject matter. One advantage of using questionnaires is that it gives a massive amount of data. However, questionnaires can present unconscientious responses (Valsiner, 2017). Even though interviews are time-consuming, they offer flexibility to the interviews.

Results of the study

           Results from the Watson study focus on therapy attendance and behavioral change. Families and eternal influence encouraged or discouraged therapy attendance. Personal barriers and challenges discouraged attendance and behavioral change. A supportive environment, being accountable, participatory learning, and heterogeneous groups encouraged obese patients to seek therapy and change their behaviors (Watson et al., 2020). Findings from Roebroek research show that Lifestyle and dietary advice were highly used in obesity therapy, but conservative treatment was more effective than other modes of treatment. Cognitive-behavioral therapy is merely used in treating children with obesity (Roebroek et al., 2019). The study shows that many families overlooked therapy and left their children without treatment. The two studies have a possible future effect in nursing effect because practitioners will determine why parents flout obesity therapy, why patients have different views on the available therapies and future development needs in childhood obesity treatment.

Ethical Considerations

           The two ethical codes of consideration include informed consent and respect for autonomy and confidentiality. Informed consent focuses on protecting patients’ right to autonomy. This code debates on protecting patients from assault, harm, or manipulation. During the research, the research is obliged to respect patient perceptions to serve their interests and fulfill their needs (Doody& Noonan, 2016). The other code, respect of autonomy and confidentiality, centers on keeping information drawn from patients as a secret. During the research, patients deserve privacy. Morally, confidentiality should go beyond ordinary loyalty and paying allegiance to patients. Both articles substantiate that they have complied with all ethical standards, and no conflict of interest resulted.

References

Roebroek, Y. G., Talib, A., Muris, J. W., van Dielen, F. M., Bouvy, N. D., & van Heurn, L. E. (2019). Hurdles to take for adequate treatment of morbidly obese children and adolescents: attitudes of general practitioners towards conservative and surgical treatment of paediatric morbid obesity. World journal of surgery, 43(4), 1173-1181. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00268-018-4874-5

Watson, P. M., Dugdill, L., Pickering, K., Hargreaves, J., Staniford, L. J., Owen, S., & Cable, N. T. (2020). Distinguishing factors that influence attendance and behaviour change in family‐based treatment of childhood obesity: A qualitative study. British Journal of Health Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12456

Doody, O., & Noonan, M. (2016). Nursing research ethics, guidance and application in practice. British Journal of Nursing25(14), 803-807.https://doi.org/10.12968/bjon.2016.25.14.803

Valsiner, J. (2017). Methods of Extrospection: Interview, Questionnaire, Experiment. In From Methodology to Methods in Human Psychology (pp. 65-79). Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-61064-1_7