Potomac Valley Association of USATF 2020 -2-24 Apprentice/Association Level Track and Field Certification Rules Review

Purpose: The purpose of this open-book rule review is for officials to become familiar with the USATF and its rule book, and to gain & demonstrate knowledge about meet management, officials and basic rules governing track and field events.  Please forward this sheet to drbillprice@yahoo.com or mail to Dr. Bill Price, 12818 Wolfsville Rd., Smithsburg, MD 21783

Note: With the exception of question number 50, all statements are quotes from the 2020 USATF Competition Rules. After each statement, the Rule number and page (P) number are in parentheses. 

  1. The USATF Rules Committee is responsible for making and publishing its rules with the approval of the governing body of ______.  (Editors Note, P 6)
  2. The USATF Competition ______ apply to Track and Field, Cross Country & Long Distance Running and Race Walking. (Page 1, Table of Contents)
  3. The classifications for Track and ______ are Open Junior (Under 20), Youth Athletics and Masters.  (Rule 141a,b,c,d, P 47)
  4. ______ rules pertain to Open, including Under 20, with modifications for Youth Athletics and Masters. (Rules 300.1a, p158, and 320.1a, p 176)
  5. In In order to compete and place in a USATF Championship, __________ must be a USATF member.  (Rule 1, p 1).
  6. Non-resident alien athletes unless otherwise provided for by these rules _____ compete as invited guests only – -.  (Rule 1.2, p 1)
  7. USATF is made up of ______________ (Rule 2, p 9) .
  8. ORDER A CUSTOM-WRITTEN, PLAGIARISM-FREE PAPER HERE
  9. USATF sanctions _______ to provide insurance that obligates the meet to follow USATF rules.
  10. The training and certifying of officials for athletics is supervised by the National Officials Committee and by the __________ Committee of each Association of USATF – – . (Rule 110.2, p 32)
  11. The _________ Committee shall be responsible for the correct conduct of the meet (including facilities, equipment, venues, athlete/team registration, officials, FAT timers and Order of Events)  (Rule 111, p 34)
  12. In non-championship ________, a meet director or meet manager, or both, may exclusively, or with the entity holding the meet, carry out any of the above-described functions (Rule 111.4, p 34).
  13. The _________ shall ensure that the rules and applicable USATF competition regulations are observed and shall decide, where appropriate or necessary, in conjunction with the Games Committee, upon any matters which arise during the meet – -. (Rule 125.2, p 37).
  14. The order of events stated in the official program shall _____ be changed, nor shall the announced arrangement of heats in any event be added to or altered, except by the Referee. Rule 125.13, p38)
  15. The decision of the Referee in all matters shall be _____ and without further right to appeal except in those meets or events for which a Jury of Appeal has been established for that special purpose. (Rule 125.5, p 37).
  16. To arrive at a ______ decision, the Referee may consider any available evidence which the Referee thinks necessary, including a film or picture produced by an official videotape recorder, or any available video evidence. NOTE: For Youth Athletics exception see Rule 119.4c. (In Youth Athletics, only video designated as official by the Games Committee before the competition may be used.) Rule 125.6, p37)
  17. Other than the __________, the referee is the only official that has the authority to disqualify an athlete.  (Rule 125, 127 and 129).
  18. Protests concerning the result or conduct of an event shall be made to the Referee at once and not later than ___ minutes after the publication of the result of that event, – (with exceptions for XC and LDR). Rule 146.2, p 54
  19. A protest may be based on the failure of the Starter to _______ a false start, or under Rule 162.17 to abort a start. The protest may be made only by, or on behalf of, an athlete who has completed the race. (Rule 146.7, p 55)
  20. A Jury of Appeal composed of ______ persons, preferably certified officials, may be established by the Games Committees to consider appeals from decisions of or referrals from the Referee as to matters that develop during the conduct of the event. (Rule 119.1, p 35).
  21. The decision of the Jury of Appeal shall be final. There shall be _____ further right to appeal. (Rule 119.4c, p 35).
  22. The primary responsibility of the Starter and Recall __________ is to ensure a fair and equitable start for all competitors at the start line. (Rule 129.2, p 42)
  23. Any competitor(s) charged with a false start _______be disqualified. (rule 162.15, P 64) .  Exceptions are for combined events, youth (14 & under), and master, where the first false start is indicated by a yellow/black card is shown; and or a second false start, the respective competitor(s) shall be disqualified. (Rules 200.3c (P 118), 302.2d (P 163), 332.2c (P 180)).
  24. Commencement of the start is defined: (A) In races where starting blocks are used, as any motion by a competitor that includes or results in one or both hands ________ contact with the ground or one or both feet losing contact with the foot plates of the starting blocks. (Rule 162.12a, P 63)
  25. Umpires are assistants to the __________, to whom the Chief Umpire shall report, and have no authority to make final decisions. (Rule 127.2, p 40)
  26. In the 4x100m, the 4x200m, the first and second exchanges in the ‘Swedish’ Medley and the outdoor Sprint Medley relays, each takeover zone shall be ______ long, of which the scratch line is 20m from the start of the zone. (Rule 170.3, P 82)
  27. When an Umpire observes that a competitor has run in a ______ other than the assigned lane or that a relay baton has been passed outside the exchange zone, the umpire should immediately mark the track with a suitable non-permanent material where the incident occurred or make a similar notation on paper or by electronic means. (Rule 127.5, P 40)
  28. The Clerk of Course _______ be provided with the names and the numbers of all competitors entered in running or walking events, and he/she shall notify them to appear at the starting line or other assembly area before the start in each event in which they are entered. (Rule 136.3, p 45).
  29. The Clerk of Course shall place each competitor in the ________ lane or position. (Rule 136.4, P 45)
  30. The Clerk of Course, and Assistants, shall ensure that competitors are wearing clothing, shoes, and spikes which are in accordance with USATF Rules. (Rule 136.5, P 45)
  31. ORDER A CUSTOM-WRITTEN, PLAGIARISM-FREE PAPER HERE
  32. Inspector of Implements: The ___________of Implements shall weigh and measure implements used in competition, and shall place a designating mark on each implement passed as complying with all relevant specifications (Rule 139.2, P 46).
  33. In all competitions (field other than high jump and pole vault), the order of competition for all subsequent rounds of trials (the finals) shall be in reverse _______ of the best performance in the first three rounds of trials. (Rule 180.4e, P 86)
  34. Trials shall be recorded as follows: (a) Except in High Jump and Pole Vault, a valid trial shall be indicated by the measurement taken. In High Jump and Pole Vault, it shall be indicated by the symbol ‘O’; (b) A failure shall be indicated by the symbol _____; (c) If the athlete forgoes a trial (a pass) it shall be indicated by the symbol ‘-’. (Rule 180.6, P87)
  35. For the High Jump and Pole Vault all measurements must be made in accordance with Rule 148, perpendicularly from a point on the same level as the takeoff to the lowest part of the ________ side of the bar. (Rule 181.2, P 93)
  36. A competitor shall have the discretion to commence jumping or vaulting at the ________ height or at any subsequent height. A competitor who forgoes a trial at a height thereby forfeits the right to jump again at that height. (Rule 181.6, P 94).
  37. A competitor fails in the HJ if: a. After the jump, the bar does not remain on the supports because of the action of the competitor while jumping, or b. The competitor touches the ground, including the landing area beyond the vertical plane through the edge of the crossbar nearest to the _________ area, either between or outside the uprights, with any part of the body, without first clearing the bar, or c.. The competitor touches the crossbar or the vertical section of the uprights when running-up without jumping, or (d) During or after the jump, the competitor deliberately steadies or replaces the bar (Rule 182.3, P 98).
  38. It shall be a _________ in the PV if: (a) After the vault, the bar does not remain on the pegs on which it originally rested because of the action of the competitor (including the pole)  while vaulting; or (b) The vaulter touches the ground, including the landing area beyond the vertical plane of the upper part of the stopboard, with any part of the body or with the pole without first clearing the bar; or 2020 USATF Competition Rules – 99 (c) The vaulter, after leaving the ground, places the lower hand above the upper or moves the upper hand higher on the pole; or (d) During the vault, the vaulter steadies or replaces the bar with his/her hand(s). (Rule 183.5., P 98).
  39. Horizontal Jumps: of the landing area. The edge of the ________ which is nearer to the landing area shall be the take-off line. Immediately beyond the take-off line there shall be placed a plasticine indicator board for the assistance of the Judges. (Rule 184.2, P 99).
  40. The ________________ of each jump (LJ/TJ) shall be made immediately after each valid trial or immediate oral protest from the nearest break in the landing area made by any part of the body of the competitor, or anything that was attached to the body at the time it made the mark, at a right angle to the take-off line or the take-off line extended. (Rule 184.7, P 100).
  41. It shall be considered a ______ (LJ?TJ) if: (a) While taking off, touches the ground (including any part of the plasticine board) beyond the take-off line with any part of his or her body, whether running up without jumping or in the act of jumping; or (b) Takes off from outside either end of the board, whether beyond or before the extension of the take-off line; or (c) Employs any form of somersaulting whilst running up or in the act of jumping; or (d) After taking off, but before first contact with the landing area, touches the runway or the ground outside the runway or outside the landing area; or (e) In the course of landing, touches the border of or the ground outside the landing area closer to the take-offline than the nearest break made in the sand; or (f) Leaves the landing area in any manner other than that described in Rule 185.4; or (g) If no plasticine or other marker material is being used, breaks the plane of the take-off line with the shoe/foot. (Rule 184.5, P 101)
  42. The Triple Jump shall consist of a hop, a step and a _______ in that order. The hop shall be made so that an athlete lands first on the same foot as that from which the athlete has taken off, the step shall land on the other foot, from which, subsequently, the jump is performed. It shall not be considered a failure if an athlete, while jumping, touches the ground with the ‘sleeping’ leg. (Rule 186, P 102)
  43. . In all throwing events from a circle, the throw must commence from a stationary position within the ________. A competitor is allowed to touch the inside of the iron band or stopboard, excluding the top inside edge. However, it shall be a foul throw if, after commencing the throw and prior to its completion, the competitor: (a) Does not start from a stationary position within the circle, (b) Touches with any part of the body the top of the iron band or painted circle, including the top inside edge of each, or the surface outside the circle, NOTE: It will not be considered a failure if the touch is made without providing any propulsion and occurs during any first rotation at a point completely behind the white line which is drawn outside the circle running, theoretically, through the center of the circle. (rule 187.1, P 102).
  44. In all throwing events, it is a foul if the thrower Leaves the circle improperly or before the implement has _________. (Rule 187.1e, P102).
  45. It shall be a failure if the head of the javelin or the implement in the Shot Put, Hammer Throw, Weight Throw and Discus Throw, excluding the handle, wire and connections as appropriate, in contacting the ground when it first lands touches the ________ line or the ground or any object outside the sector line. (Rule 187.6, P 103).
  46. In the Discus, Shot Put, Weight Throw and Hammer Throw, the measurement of each throw shall be made from the nearest mark made by the fall of the discus, shot, weight, or head of the hammer to the __________ of the circumference of the circle along a line from the mark to the center of the circle. (Rule 187.7a, P 103).
  47. In the Javelin Throw, the measurement of each throw shall be made from where the metal head first struck the ground to the inside edge of the arc along a line from the point of the fall to the center of the circle of which the arc is a part. (Rule 187.7b, P 103). Exceptions for the ________ (Rule 302.5h, P 166): In the Javelin Throw, the measurement of the throw shall be made from the nearest edge of the first point of contact made by the javelin in the sector
  48. If an implement does not comply with required specifications, or if it has not been properly certified for use when such certification is required, it should be ____________ by the certifying official or the Chief Judge of the event until the end of the competition of the field event in which it was intended to be used. (Rule 187.11, P 104) Note: Not even used for practice.
  49. In the youth and masters throwing events, there are various weights of implement based on the ______and sex of the athletes.  See the USATF rule book for these listings. (Rule 301, P 161-162, Rule 183.3g, P 184).
  50. In youth and master hurdling events there are various distances and hurdle heights based on the age and ______ of the athletes.  See the USATF rule book for these listings (Rule 302.4a, P165, Rule 332.2j, P 181).
  51. The commands of the Starter shall be: a) In races not exceeding 400 meters, “on your marks” and ________ b) In races exceeding 400 meters, “on your marks.” Before the command “on your marks,” the Starter may assemble the competitors at an actual or imaginary line between 1m and 3m behind the starting line. (Rule162.6, P 62)
  52. The National Federation of State High Schools and NCAA have separate rules that mostly coincide with USATF, but you must be aware of those differences.  AAU uses USATF rules with some minor variations.  USATF and NCAA do all measurements in metric.  NFHS and AAU measure field events in ­­­­­­______________ units (feet/inches).

­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­NAME___________________________________________  EMAIL_____________________________

ADDRESS_______________________________________  PHONE_______________________________

USATF MEMBERSHIP # __________________________  USATF OFFICIALS # ________________________

OFFICIALL’S LEVEL :  APPRENTICE ______       ASSOCIATION ______

 ANSWER SHEET PVA APPRENTICE/ASSOCIATION LEVEL TRACK AND FIEND CERTIFICATION RULES REVIEW

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Please forward this sheet to drbillprice@yahoo.com        or mail to Dr. Bill Price, 12818 Wolfsville Rd., Smithsburg, MD 21783

ORDER NURSING COURSE WORKS HERE

Potomac Valley Association of USATF 2020 -2-24 Apprentice/Association Level Track and Field Certification Rules Review

Purpose: The purpose of this open-book rule review is for officials to become familiar with the USATF and its rule book, and to gain & demonstrate knowledge about meet management, officials and basic rules governing track and field events.  Please forward this sheet to drbillprice@yahoo.com or mail to Dr. Bill Price, 12818 Wolfsville Rd., Smithsburg, MD 21783

Note: With the exception of question number 50, all statements are quotes from the 2020 USATF Competition Rules. After each statement, the Rule number and page (P) number are in parentheses. 

  1. The USATF Rules Committee is responsible for making and publishing its rules with the approval of the governing body of U.S.A Track and field.  (Editors Note, P 6)
  2. The USATF Competition Men and women apply to Track and Field, Cross Country & Long Distance Running and Race Walking. (Page 1, Table of Contents)
  3. The classifications for Track and Field are Open Junior (Under 20), Youth Athletics and Masters.  (Rule 141a,b,c,d, P 47)
  4. Article 1 to article 5 (sections 1-4) rules pertain to Open, including Under 20, with modifications for Youth Athletics and Masters. (Rules 300.1a, p158, and 320.1a, p 176)
  5. In order to compete and place in a USATF Championship, Citizens must be a USATF member.  (Rule 1, p 1).
  6. Non-resident alien athletes unless otherwise provided for by these rules May compete as invited guests only – -.  (Rule 1.2, p 1)
  7. USATF is made up of Regional championship (Rule 2, p 9).
  8. USATF sanctions Individual trial to provide insurance that obligates the meet to follow USATF rules.
  9. The training and certifying of officials for athletics is supervised by the National Officials Committee and by the Officials Committee of each Association of USATF – – . (Rule 110.2, p 32)
  10. The Games Committee shall be responsible for the correct conduct of the meet (including facilities, equipment, venues, athlete/team registration, officials, FAT timers and Order of Events)  (Rule 111, p 34)
  11. In non-championship Meets, a meet director or meet manager, or both, may exclusively, or with the entity holding the meet, carry out any of the above-described functions (Rule 111.4, p 34).
  12. The Referee shall ensure that the rules and applicable USATF competition regulations are observed and shall decide, where appropriate or necessary, in conjunction with the Games Committee, upon any matters which arise during the meet – -. (Rule 125.2, p 37).
  13. The order of events stated in the official program shall not be changed, nor shall the announced arrangement of heats in any event be added to or altered, except by the Referee. Rule 125.13, p38)
  14. The decision of the Referee in all matters shall be Final and without further right to appeal except in those meets or events for which a Jury of Appeal has been established for that special purpose. (Rule 125.5, p 37).
  15. To arrive at a Fair decision, the Referee may consider any available evidence which the Referee thinks necessary, including a film or picture produced by an official videotape recorder, or any available video evidence. NOTE: For Youth Athletics exception see Rule 119.4c. (In Youth Athletics, only video designated as official by the Games Committee before the competition may be used.) Rule 125.6, p37)
  16. Other than the Games Committee, the referee is the only official that has the authority to disqualify an athlete.  (Rule 125, 127 and 129).
  17. Protests concerning the result or conduct of an event shall be made to the Referee at once and not later than Thirty (30) minutes after the publication of the result of that event, – (with exceptions for XC and LDR). Rule 146.2, p 54
  18. A protest may be based on the failure of the Starter to recall a false start, or under Rule 162.17 to abort a start. The protest may be made only by, or on behalf of, an athlete who has completed the race. (Rule 146.7, p 55)
  19. A Jury of Appeal composed of 3 or 5 persons, preferably certified officials, may be established by the Games Committees to consider appeals from decisions of or referrals from the Referee as to matters that develop during the conduct of the event. (Rule 119.1, p 35).
  20. The decision of the Jury of Appeal shall be final. There shall be No further right to appeal. (Rule 119.4c, p 35).
  21. The primary responsibility of the Starter and Recall Starters is to ensure a fair and equitable start for all competitors at the start line. (Rule 129.2, p 42)
  22. Any competitor(s) charged with a false start shall be disqualified. (Rule 162.15, P 64) .  Exceptions are for combined events, youth (14 & under), and master, where the first false start is indicated by a yellow/black card is shown; and or a second false start, the respective competitor(s) shall be disqualified. (Rules 200.3c (P 118), 302.2d (P 163), 332.2c (P 180)).
  23. Commencement of the start is defined: (A) In races where starting blocks are used, as any motion by a competitor that includes or results in one or both hands losing contact with the ground or one or both feet losing contact with the foot plates of the starting blocks. (Rule 162.12a, P 63)
  24. Umpires are assistants to the Referee, to whom the Chief Umpire shall report, and have no authority to make final decisions. (Rule 127.2, p 40)
  25. In the 4x100m, the 4x200m, the first and second exchanges in the ‘Swedish’ Medley and the outdoor Sprint Medley relays, each takeover zone shall be 30m long, of which the scratch line is 20m from the start of the zone. (Rule 170.3, P 82)
  26. When an Umpire observes that a competitor has run in a Lane other than the assigned lane or that a relay baton has been passed outside the exchange zone, the umpire should immediately mark the track with a suitable non-permanent material where the incident occurred or make a similar notation on paper or by electronic means. (Rule 127.5, P 40)
  27. The Clerk of Course Shall be provided with the names and the numbers of all competitors entered in running or walking events, and he/she shall notify them to appear at the starting line or other assembly area before the start in each event in which they are entered. (Rule 136.3, p 45).
  28. The Clerk of Course shall place each competitor in the correct lane or position. (Rule 136.4, P 45)
  29. The Clerk of Course, and Assistants, shall Ensure that competitors are wearing clothing, shoes, and spikes which are in accordance with USATF Rules. (Rule 136.5, P 45)
  30. Inspector of Implements: The Inspector of Implements shall weigh and measure implements used in competition, and shall place a designating mark on each implement passed as complying with all relevant specifications (Rule 139.2, P 46).
  31. In all competitions (field other than high jump and pole vault), the order of competition for all subsequent rounds of trials (the finals) shall be in reverse Order of the best performance in the first three rounds of trials. (Rule 180.4e, P 86)
  32. Trials shall be recorded as follows: (a) Except in High Jump and Pole Vault, a valid trial shall be indicated by the measurement taken. In High Jump and Pole Vault, it shall be indicated by the symbol ‘O’; (b) A failure shall be indicated by the symbol ‘X’; (c) If the athlete forgoes a trial (a pass) it shall be indicated by the symbol ‘-’. (Rule 180.6, P87)
  33. For the High Jump and Pole Vault all measurements must be made in accordance with Rule 148, perpendicularly from a point on the same level as the takeoff to the lowest part of the Upper side of the bar. (Rule 181.2, P 93)
  34. A competitor shall have the discretion to commence jumping or vaulting at the Starting height or at any subsequent height. A competitor who forgoes a trial at a height thereby forfeits the right to jump again at that height. (Rule 181.6, P 94).
  35. A competitor fails in the HJ if: a. After the jump, the bar does not remain on the supports because of the action of the competitor while jumping, or b. The competitor touches the ground, including the landing area beyond the vertical plane through the edge of the crossbar nearest to the Take-off area, either between or outside the uprights, with any part of the body, without first clearing the bar, or c.. The competitor touches the crossbar or the vertical section of the uprights when running-up without jumping, or (d) During or after the jump, the competitor deliberately steadies or replaces the bar (Rule 182.3, P 98).
  36. It shall be a Failure in the PV if: (a) After the vault, the bar does not remain on the pegs on which it originally rested because of the action of the competitor (including the pole)  while vaulting; or (b) The vaulter touches the ground, including the landing area beyond the vertical plane of the upper part of the stop board, with any part of the body or with the pole without first clearing the bar; or 2020 USATF Competition Rules – 99 (c) The vaulter, after leaving the ground, places the lower hand above the upper or moves the upper hand higher on the pole; or (d) During the vault, the vaulter steadies or replaces the bar with his/her hand(s). (Rule 183.5., P 98).
  37. Horizontal Jumps: of the landing area. The edge of the Board which is nearer to the landing area shall be the take-off line. Immediately beyond the take-off line there shall be placed a plasticine indicator board for the assistance of the Judges. (Rule 184.2, P 99).
  38. The Measurement of each jump (LJ/TJ) shall be made immediately after each valid trial or immediate oral protest from the nearest break in the landing area made by any part of the body of the competitor, or anything that was attached to the body at the time it made the mark, at a right angle to the take-off line or the take-off line extended. (Rule 184.7, P 100).
  39. It shall be considered a Failure (LJ?TJ) if: (a) While taking off, touches the ground (including any part of the plasticine board) beyond the take-off line with any part of his or her body, whether running up without jumping or in the act of jumping; or (b) Takes off from outside either end of the board, whether beyond or before the extension of the take-off line; or (c) Employs any form of somersaulting whilst running up or in the act of jumping; or (d) After taking off, but before first contact with the landing area, touches the runway or the ground outside the runway or outside the landing area; or (e) In the course of landing, touches the border of or the ground outside the landing area closer to the take-offline than the nearest break made in the sand; or (f) Leaves the landing area in any manner other than that described in Rule 185.4; or (g) If no plasticine or other marker material is being used, breaks the plane of the take-off line with the shoe/foot. (Rule 184.5, P 101)
  40. The Triple Jump shall consist of a hop, a step and a Jump in that order. The hop shall be made so that an athlete lands first on the same foot as that from which the athlete has taken off, the step shall land on the other foot, from which, subsequently, the jump is performed. It shall not be considered a failure if an athlete, while jumping, touches the ground with the ‘sleeping’ leg. (Rule 186, P 102)
  41. . In all throwing events from a circle, the throw must commence from a stationary position within the Circle. A competitor is allowed to touch the inside of the iron band or stopboard, excluding the top inside edge. However, it shall be a foul throw if, after commencing the throw and prior to its completion, the competitor: (a) Does not start from a stationary position within the circle, (b) Touches with any part of the body the top of the iron band or painted circle, including the top inside edge of each, or the surface outside the circle, NOTE: It will not be considered a failure if the touch is made without providing any propulsion and occurs during any first rotation at a point completely behind the white line which is drawn outside the circle running, theoretically, through the center of the circle. (rule 187.1, P 102).
  42. In all throwing events, it is a foul if the thrower Leaves the circle improperly or before the implement has Landed (Rule 187.1e, P102).
  43. It shall be a failure if the head of the javelin or the implement in the Shot Put, Hammer Throw, Weight Throw and Discus Throw, excluding the handle, wire and connections as appropriate, in contacting the ground when it first lands touches the Sector line or the ground or any object outside the sector line. (Rule 187.6, P 103).
  44. In the Discus, Shot Put, Weight Throw and Hammer Throw, the measurement of each throw shall be made from the nearest mark made by the fall of the discus, shot, weight, or head of the hammer to the Inside of the circumference of the circle along a line from the mark to the center of the circle. (Rule 187.7a, P 103).
  45. In the Javelin Throw, the measurement of each throw shall be made from where the metal head first struck the ground to the inside edge of the arc along a line from the point of the fall to the center of the circle of which the arc is a part. (Rule 187.7b, P 103). Exceptions for the Youth Athletics (Rule 302.5h, P 166): In the Javelin Throw, the measurement of the throw shall be made from the nearest edge of the first point of contact made by the javelin in the sector
  46. If an implement does not comply with required specifications, or if it has not been properly certified for use when such certification is required, it should be Impounded by the certifying official or the Chief Judge of the event until the end of the competition of the field event in which it was intended to be used. (Rule 187.11, P 104) Note: Not even used for practice.
  47. In the youth and masters throwing events, there are various weights of implement based on the Height and sex of the athletes.  See the USATF rule book for these listings. (Rule 301, P 161-162, Rule 183.3g, P 184).
  48. In youth and master hurdling events there are various distances and hurdle heights based on the age and Eligibility of the athletes.  See the USATF rule book for these listings (Rule 302.4a, P165, Rule 332.2j, P 181).
  49. The commands of the Starter shall be: a) In races not exceeding 400 meters, “on your marks” and “Set”. b) In races exceeding 400 meters, “on your marks.” Before the command “on your marks,” the Starter may assemble the competitors at an actual or imaginary line between 1m and 3m behind the starting line. (Rule162.6, P 62)
  50. The National Federation of State High Schools and NCAA have separate rules that mostly coincide with USATF, but you must be aware of those differences.  AAU uses USATF rules with some minor variations.  USATF and NCAA do all measurements in metric.  NFHS and AAU measure field events in Inches units (feet/inches).

­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­NAME___________________________________________  EMAIL_____________________________

ADDRESS_______________________________________  PHONE_______________________________

USATF MEMBERSHIP # __________________________  USATF OFFICIALS # ________________________

OFFICIALL’S LEVEL :  APPRENTICE ______       ASSOCIATION ______

 ANSWER SHEET PVA APPRENTICE/ASSOCIATION LEVEL TRACK AND FIEND CERTIFICATION RULES REVIEW

  1. ________________
  2. ________________
  3. ________________
  4. ________________
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Please forward this sheet to drbillprice@yahoo.com        or mail to Dr. Bill Price, 12818 Wolfsville Rd., Smithsburg, MD 21783